Britannic, officially known as the HMHS Britannic, was the third Olympic-class vessel and the younger sister ship of RMS Titanic.
It was originally going to be a trans-atlantic passenger liner, but World War I broke out, causing the Britannic to be commandeered by the British Navy and turned into a hospital ship. In 1915, Britannic began making routine voyages between Britain and the Mediterranean, aiding wounded soldiers during the war.
On November 21st, 1916, at roughly 8am, Britannic was traveling through the Kea channel in Greece when she was either hit by a torpedo or struck a sub-surface mine. All of the watertight doors were ordered closed but the forward bulkheads rapidly filled with water. In a last ditch effort to save the Britannic, Captain Bartlett restarted the engines and attempted to run aground on Kea. This failed as the ship continued to sink. At the stern, panic broke out as the deck began to tilt and some boats were lowered without permission. One of those boats drifted into the massive spinning propellers killing all it's occupants. When the water spilled over the bow, Bartlett considered the ship a lost cause and ordered an official evacuation. Britannic then listed to starboard and sank in 57 minutes, just half the time it took Titanic to sink. Of the nearly 1,100 people onboard, only 30 perished.
After the sinking of Britannic, the White Star Line never again used the term 'unsinkable' for any of their current or future vessels. Britannic was re-discovered in 1975 by professional oceanographer Jacques Cousteau.
Changes after Titanic disasterEdit
- More lifeboats were added to match the capacity of all passengers. Huge lifeboat gantry cranes were added to quickly lower lifeboats in case of an emergency.
- The water-tight bulkheads were raised another five decks. (This should have prevented the Britannic from sinking)
- A second plate of steel was added in the lower mid-section to prevent any type of breach. It was nicknamed the "anti-iceberg hull".
Behind the scenesEdit
The wreck of Britannic remains much more well preserved than the wreck of Titanic. It lies in much shallower water and does not require deep-sea robots to access but rather a deep-diving suit. Britannic lies on her starboard side and still remains in one piece apart from a crack in the bow. Britannic herself is currently the world's second largest ship on the ocean bottom. (First until sank in 2007)
Britannic was mentioned in James Cameron's Ghost of the Abyss.
James Cameron dove to the wreck of the Britannic in the Summer of 2006.